July 29, 2014

Gas Drilling Tech Notes Directory

Science & Medical


Our Gas Drilling Tech Notes research library and SGEIS comment page contain excellent research materials provided by scientists, medical professionals, engineers and many, many others.

Comments from the Front Lines has testimony from the front lines of Gasland. And of course, there’s information from the natural gas lobbyist, Independent Oil and Gas Association – NY).

Very Basic Places to Start

Damascus Citizens’ Catastrophic Threat of Drilling in the Delaware River Watershed. (Good intro for the impacts of drilling in any watershed.)

New York Shale Gas Drilling Plan Endangers Drinking Water. (The Environmental Working Group responds to NY DEC’s SGEIS. (October 2011)

Food & Water Watch’s The Case For A Ban On Gas Fracking

Columbia University’s Hancock and the Marcellus Shale synopsis.

NYC’s Hazen & Sawyer report. Six thousand gas wells in NYC’s watershed “would pose catastrophic risks” and must be opposed.

Introductory & Overview Materials

More than 250 medical experts, along with the Medical Societies of at least seven upstate counties and the regional office of the American Academy of Pediatricians, warned Governor Cuomo that New York State has failed to analyze public health impacts of hydraulic fracturing in its rush to approve permits for drilling.

Robert F. Kennedy, Jr.’s elucidation of the misrepresentations made by the natural gas industry and their impacts on public energy policy.

ATSDR Toxic Substances Portal. Excellent introduction to toxic chemistry.

Hydraulic Fracturing 101 (YouTube VIDEO: Biologist Sandra Steingraber provides an introduction to hydraulic fracturing.)

Citizen’s Resource Report on Oil and Gas Development in Western Garfield County and The Greater Rocky Mountain Region. (Lisa Bracken, 2003 with updates.) In depth explanation of the statutory and real-life history of mineral mining, property ownership and leasing.

Hydraulic Fracturing & Air Quality (You Tube VIDEO: Biologist Sandra Steingraber.)

Hydraulic Fracturing & Water Quality (You Tube VIDEO: Biologist Sandra Steingraber.)

Hydraulic Fracturing: Lessons from Wyoming (You Tube VIDEO: Biologist Sandra Steingraber.)

Public Health Implications of Hydraulic Fracturing with important information about Health Impact Assessments. (Dr. Larysa Dyrszka. Presented at SUNY Upstate Medical University, 4/13/11.)

Gas Drilling & Your Health
NRDC: Drilling Down in Western USA

Gas wells are built for short-term viability. What happens when their cement and metal corrode deep underground? Where will the toxic frack fluid and natural gas go? (“Shale Gas: A Business Plan Very Much in the Red,” Marc Durand.

What’s The Hydro-Fracking Rush?
(Citizens’ Campaign. Issue-by-issue & the Marcellus Shale)

Shale Gas in New York: Guide for Informed Citizenry (Ingraffea, 2010)

Potential Stressors on Human Health in Gas Drilling Areas
(Overview of the wide range of human health concerns posed by gas extraction. 2011. Larysa Dyrszka, MD)

Chemical & Biological Risk Assessment for NG Extraction in New York (Ron Bishop, 2011)

Oil & Gas Drilling Development Impacts (Tribal Energy Environmental Information, 2010)

Fracking NYS Shale Formations: Impacts on Human Health and the Environment. Statement to EPA from Otsego 2000 (2010)

Natural Gas May Have More Damaging Greenhouse Footprint Than Coal (Howarth, 2010)

Natural Gas Operations from a Public Health Perspective (Theo Colborn, C. Kwiatkowski, et al., 2010)


Air Pollution


Texas Representative questions and urges review of State’s air standards and testing. On behalf of Fort Worth, Texas, cites to more protective Federal Agency (ATSDR) results. (For more background on controversial air quality results in Texas, you can start with this DISH, Texas Ambient Air Report.

Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Shale Gas Compared to Coal: An Analysis of Two Conflicting Studies. (The two studies follow below.) (J. David Hughes for The Post-Carbon Institute, July 2011)

Methane and the Greenhouse-Gas Footprint of Natural Gas from Shale Formations. (Howarth, Santoro & Ingraffea. March 2011)

Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Analysis of Natural Gas Extraction and Delivery in the United States. (Timothy J. Skone for the National Energy Technology Laboratory. Updated version, May 23, 2011).

Hydraulic Fracturing & Air Quality (You Tube VIDEO: Biologist Sandra Steingraber.)

Alabama Air Study
(2005 Wilma Subra & OGAP)

Barnett Shale Emissions (Armendariz, 2009)

Ozone Levels: Twice the permissible healthy standards (Uintah County, Utah 2010)

Potential Shale Gas Extraction Air Pollution Impacts Formaldehyde from Gas Compressors (Texas, 2010)


Chemistry


Glycol Ethers are used in fracturing and for the life of a gas well to facilitate water removal from the gas stream. This article deals with the persistence in the environment of glycol ethers.

Geochemist from Alberta University claims wells will leak and methane will migrate.

Natural Gas Drilling/Public Health Perspective (Chemicals Used) (Colborn, Kwiatkowski, Schultz, Bachran, 2010)

Products & Chemicals Used in Fracturing (TEDX, 2009)

Tens of Millions of Gallons of Diesel Fuel Used to Frack NG Wells. EPA Loophole? (2011)

TEDX (The Endocrine Disruption Exchange) summarizes potential health effects of chemicals used in natural gas operations.

Hydrogen Sulfide (Comprehensive)

Hydrogen Sulfide: Oil, Gas and Human Health

Eagle Ford Shale, Texas: Formaldehyde “astoundingly high.” (San Antonio Current, 2010)

Formaldehyde from Gas Compressors (Texas, 2010)

University of Pittsburgh: Dangerous Levels of Toxic Contaminants Released Into Blacklick Creek (Indiana Co,, Pennsylvania) (2010)


Children & Extraction Pollution


Toxins and Children (Sheffield & Landrigan, 2011)

Children’s Vulnerability to Toxic Chemicals (Landrigan & Goldman, 2011)

Benzene Air Emissions And Birth Defects (2010)

Maternal Exposure to Fossil Fuel Air Pollutants May Damage Fetal IQ (2010)

Reducing the Staggering Costs of Environmental Disease in Children (Tresande & Liu, 2011)

American Academy of Pediatrics


Economics


Predatory Oil and Gas Leasing: What It Means for Mineral Owners and Mortgages. (Amy Mall, NRDC, 12.29.11 with links to other resources.)

Economist Jannette Barth identifies socioeconomic flaws in SGEIS review of gas drilling activities and attendant impacts. Recommends ways to close the holes.

When can gas companies renege on the terms of a gas lease? When a Chesapeake shell company says so. (Reuters, 12/28/11).

Impact on Housing in Appalachian Pennsylvania As A Result of Marcellus Shale. (November 2011. The Institute for Public Policy & Economic Development evaluates the changes in the cost and stock of single family home, new construction, low income, and rental rates since the advent of natural gas extraction in 12 PA counties.)

Socioeconomic Value of the Delaware River Basin in (States of) Delaware, New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania. “The Delaware River Basin, an economic engine for over 400 years.” (Gerald J. Kauffman, Univ. of Delaware, Water Resources Agency. May 2011.)

Rush to Drill for Natural Gas Creates Conflicts with Natural Gas. (Ian Urbina, NYT, October 19, 2011.)

Spreadsheet of IOGA-NY’s extraction projections as they relate to NY’s “A,” “B” and “C” regions. For comparison with the US Geologic Survey’s recently-released projections of recoverable natural gas. This spreadsheet augments Dr. Bishop’s, Overestimation of benefits from shale gas drilling and underestimation of its historic costs. (Ronald E. Bishop, PhD., C.H.O. Remarks to NYS Assembly Committee and hearing on the revised dSGEIS. October 2011)

Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Devonian Marcellus Shale of the Appalachian Basin Province (US Geologic Survey, 2011

Marcellus Shale Reserve Estimate Slashed (Bloomburg News article re: USGS findings, above.)

Hidden Costs of Energy: Unpriced Consequences of Energy Production and Use (Authored by Committee on Health, Environmental, and Other External Costs and Benefits of Energy Production and Consumption; National Research Council and published by The National Academies (of Sciences) Press

Reducing the Staggering Costs of Environmental Disease in Children (Tresande & Liu, 2011)


Geology


Study Assesses Shale Decline Rates (The American Oil and Gas Reporter, May, 2011)

Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Devonian Marcellus Shale of the Appalachian Basin Province (US Geologic Survey, 2011)

Marcellus Shale Reserve Estimate Slashed (Bloomburg News article re: USGS findings, above.)

Cornell Fracture Group

Anthony Ingraffea Videos


Noise


Gas Extraction Noise: Impacts on Human Health and Quality of Life (Turechek, Otsego Co., NY 2008)

Vibroacoustic Disease Overview


Radioactivity


Chemung County (NY) Landfill

Radiological Impact on Man & the Environment (Steinhausler, Stanford Univ., 2006 with special attention to gas and oil extraction workers.)

Uranium Highly Concentrated Where Shale Gas Is Found (Energy Collective, 2010)

Radioactive Waste from Horizontal Hydrofracking (Former Gas & Oil Extractor, Northrup, 2010)

Radioactivity in Marcellus Shale (Resnikoff, 2010)

Natural Gas Drilling Produces Radioactive Wastewater (Scientific American, 2009)

Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in Produced Water (United States Geologic Survey)


Waste & Disposal


Excellent waste management  resource for  ”newbies” and WM professionals. Focuses primarily on the DEC’s regulatory structures as they relate to the Agency’s fiscal reality, its plans for storing, treating, transporting of NORMs (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials) and RENORMs (Radioactively-enhanced NORMs) in the Marcellus Shale. Easy-to-understand intro to NORMs and the Natural Gas Extraction and Production (NGE&P) process. (Marvin Resnikoff, Ph.D., Radioactive Waste Management Association. October 2011.)

What will happen to the radioactive equipment that results from fracking? (Marvin Resnikoff, Ph.D., Radioactive Waste Management Association. October 2011.)

Chemung County (NY) Landfill

Flood of Wastewater in Pennsylvania (Scientific American, 2009)

Brine: What it is and the dangers

University of Pittsburgh: Dangerous Levels of Toxic Contaminants Released Into Blacklick Creek (Indiana Co,, Pennsylvania) (2010)


Water Contamination


Here is a list of incidents where drinking water has been contaminated and hydraulic fracturing is a suspected cause. (Thanks to Amy Mall at Natural Resources Defense Council.)

Hydraulic Fracturing & Water Quality (You Tube VIDEO: Biologist Sandra Steingraber.)

Buried Secrets: US Water Supply
New Mexico
Flood of Wastewater in Pennsylvania (Scientific American, 2009)

University of Pittsburgh: Dangerous Levels of Toxic Contaminants Released Into Blacklick Creek (Indiana Co,, Pennsylvania) (2010)

Incidents of Water Contamination Where Fracking Is Suspected Culprit (NRDC, Mall, 2011)

Hydraulic Fracturing, Water Pollution & the Public’s Health (E. London, 2010)

Vanity Fair : A Colossal Fracking Mess : Dimock and Damascus, PA (2010)


Reports & Statements: Injuries/Damages


Troy Community Hospital’s (Bradford County, PA) report to the Marcellus Shale Advisory Commission. (What the hospital has encountered since the advent of drilling in its service area. May 10, 2011)

University of Pittsburgh: Dangerous Levels of Toxic Contaminants Released Into Blacklick Creek (Indiana Co,, Pennsylvania) (2010)

Endrocrine Disruption Exchange

Occupational Safety & Health Administration Violations

Medical Professionals & Scientists: Letter to NYS Health Commissioner (2011)

Medical Staff, Bassett Healthcare Network’s Resolution: “Ban Hydraulic Fracturing Until Proved Safe!”

NYS Medical Society Calls for Moratorium in New York State

Bassett Medical Center Board of Trustees calls for Health Department Oversight Involvement : Fracking the Susquehanna River Basin (2011)

American Academy of Pediatrics Calls for Moratorium in New York State (2010)

Center for Children’s Environmental Health at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine Calls for Comprehensive EPA Study of Hydraulic Fracturing Impacts on drinking water, pregnant women, infants & children

Potential Exposure-Related Human Health Effects of Oil and Gas Development
(Roxana Witter, et al, Colorado School of Public Health, 2008)

Potential Stressors on Human Health in Gas Drilling Areas (2011)

Disposable Workers of the Oil and Gas Fields (2007)

Individuals/Families/Regions

Laura Amos, CO (Earthworks)
Argyle School District, TX (10/10)
Argyle School District, TX (11/10)
Cathy Behr, CO (2008) #1
Cathy Behr, Co (2008) #2
Sandra Denbraber, TX (Earthworks)
Garfield County, CO (2006)
Garfield County, CO (2011)
New Mexico Health & Toxins
Bob & Lisa Parr, TX (Earthworks)
Deborah Rogers, TX (Earthworks)
Tim & Christine Ruggiero, TX (EW)
Judy A. Stiles, Her Own Words, 2011 (Bradford Co., PA)
Crystal Stroud : In Her Own Words (Bradford County, PA)
Strudley Family, CO


Health Impact Assessments (HIAs)


HIA Reports
HIA: Battlement Mesa (Garfield Co) CO (2010)

Natural Gas Operations from a Public Health Perspective (Theo Colborn, C. Kwiatkowski, et al., 2010)

Potential Exposure-Related Human Health Effects of Oil and Gas Development
(Roxana Witter, et al, Colorado School of Public Health, 2008)

About HIA Reports & Tips for Reporting

About Battlement Mesa, CO HIA
About Battlement Mesa, CO HIA (2)

Official Documents:

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)

The ATSDR Petition Program

A Citizen’s Guide to Risk Assessments and Public Health Assessments at Contaminated Sites (ATSDR)

Contaminant Toxicological Profiles (ATSDR)

Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual
(ATSDR)

Environmental Data Needed for Public Health Assessments – A Guidance Manual
(ATSDR)

Helpful Reporting Guides from Other Sources
Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual

Using HIAs in Colorado’s Natural Gas Permitting Process (Witte, Colorado, 2010)

Resources


Bucknell University Marcellus Shale Initiative Publications Database

This database focuses on scientific, technical, sociological, and economic aspects of gas shale production and hydraulic fracturing in the Marcellus shale and other shale plays. It lists primarily print-based publications and how to obtain them. The database does NOT provide coverage of websites, blogs, news articles, newsletters, or other media. Regulatory and legal documents which can undergo frequent revision and vary widely by state are generally outside the scope of the database.


Organizing Against Polluters: A Manual for Grassroots Activists

Organizations United for the Environment (OUE) is a grassroots environmental organization operating mostly in the Central Susquehanna Valley.

Our experience, and that of the groups we have worked with, tells us in that resisting polluters there are some actions that tend to work better than others. That experience has also taught us that the rules for this kind of organizing are not written in stone, and there is no substitute for your imagination and grit in fighting back.

We are distributing this manual especially for anyone who wakes up one day to the news, for example, that a multinational meat processing company has contracted with a local farmer to raise 5,000 hogs across the road from their children’s school. If this sort of thing happens to you – and in our area it is happening to more people every day – what in the world can you do? We hope that this manual will help you to answer that question. The listed of actions suggested is not intended for everyone in every case, but things that people have tried that worked.


Legal


Recent Legal Actions/Opinions

New York City Bar Association tells NYS DEC, “As we conclude above, we do not believe ECL § 23-0303(2) was intended to deprive towns of the authority, conferred by New York statute, to make land use
decisions within their towns with respect to industrial uses (such as hydrofracking). Moreover, the Legislature has not granted the Department authority to make land use decisions.”Keep an eye on this one as it could easily decide the near-future of local zoning rights in New York State. Cooperstown Holstein Corporation v. Town of Middlefield Complaint filed 9/15/11. (NYS Supreme Court.)Excellent re-cap of 12/13/11 Summary Judgment Arguments in Cooperstown Holstein Corporation v. Town of Middlefield. Thanks to Nicole Dillingham, President, Otsego 2000.)NYS Attorney General files complaint against National Park Service, The US Interior Department, Fish & Wildlife, EPA, etc.

Scoggin v. Cudd Pumping/Cudd Energy. US District Court, Eastern Arkansas. Causes of Action: Strict Liability, Nuisance, Trespass and Negligence. 9/12/2011.


Federal Agencies/Monitoring Programs

Pavillion, Wyoming: EPA finds carcinogenic compounds used by natural gas extraction in aquifer. (ProPublica, 11/10/11.)

Federal Agency, ATSDR, finds elevated well water chemicals in Bradford County (Leroy Township.) At least one water well impacted by NGE&P activities. According to the report, even though a suspect gas blow-out occurred on April 19, 2011, “Chesapeake was unable to control the well until April 25, 2011.” (Although Chesapeake claimed to have built an effective containment and diversion system by April 21st.)

EPA demands answers from Chesapeake concerning April 19, 2011 blowout in Bradford County, PA.

Report NY State & Local Government Fraud to the NYS Comptroller.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Comments re: New York State DEC’s dSGEIS (2009)

EPA’s Protocols for Reporting Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)

CDC’s Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)

The ATSDR Petition Program

A Citizen’s Guide to Risk Assessments and Public Health Assessments at Contaminated Sites

Contaminant Toxicological Profiles

Public Health Assessment Guidance Manual

Environmental Data Needed for Public Health Assessments – A Guidance Manual

CDC’s National Institute of Occupational Safety & Health (NIOSH)

NIOSH Safety Recommendations
(1983-1997)

Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

U.S. Department of the Interior

National Park Service

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA , Rules & Regs)

Hidden Costs of Energy: Unpriced Consequences of Energy Production and Use
(Authored by Committee on Health, Environmental, and Other External Costs and Benefits of Energy Production and Consumption; National Research Council and published by The National Academies (of Sciences) Press (FREE online)

Environmental Laws (Oil & Gas Industries Exempt from)

Drilling Around the Law. Companies that drill for oil and natural gas are skirting federal law and injuecting toxic petroleum distillates into thousands of wells and threatening drinking water supplies from Pennsylvania to Wyoming. (Environmental Working Group, January 2010)

FRAC Act, H. R. 7231


Why The FRAC Act Is ImportantScience and Medical Professionals’ Letter to Congressional Reps: Close Halliburton Loophole (2009)

NRDC: Understanding Oil & Gas Exemption

Community Right to Know Law


State Agencies/Monitoring ProgramsNYS Comptroller DiNapoli responds to dSGEIS. Asks DEC to address mitigation with Recovery Fund, review impacts of gas production on mortgages, and review impacts of smaller fracking projects. Applies “strict liability.”

NYS Attorney General files complaint against National Park Service, The US Interior Department, Fish & Wildlife, EPA, etc.

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) Draft Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement (dSGEIS) Chapter 5 (2009)

Former Oil and Gas Producer Tells NYS to “scrap proposed DEC regulations…wait for the EPA to issue its new guidelines on horizontal hydrofracking of shale gas wells.”
(James Northrup, 2010)

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Comments re: New York State DEC’s dSGEIS (2009)

Under pressure from gas extractors, Pennsylvania considers “pooling.” (For more on “pooling,” see: NY State’s “Compulsory Integration” and The Marcellus Effect.

Pennsylvania’s Secretary of Health Wants Ill Effects from Gas Extraction Registered and Studied. (6/18/11)

PA’s Secretary of Health : “… more routine testing is needed of air, water and solid waste samples to check for risks, as well as additional outreach to health-care providers in drilling areas.”


Local Agencies, Laws and Legal IssuesPennsylvania: Zoning (April 2011)

Marcellus Shale Driller Fighting So. Fayette Drilling Ordinance. (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 23, 2011.

To What Extent Can [NYS] Municipalities Regulate Natural Gas Operations? (For NYS Association of Towns magazine, by Robert Feller, Esq., Bond, Schoeneck & King. September-October 2011

New York: Zoning (Spring, 2011)

NYS: Town of Tusten Draft Zoning Proposal (Full Environmental Assessment Form). August 1 2011.

NYC Hazen and Sawyer report. The final New York City DEP report Assesses Natural Gas Drilling in NYC’s Watershed was released 12/23 stating that this “Report finds gas drilling poses unacceptable risks to the unfiltered drinking water supply for nine million New Yorkers.”

(Sullivan County, NY): Multi-Municipal Task Force Draft Road Use Plan (Designed to protect local roadways from their use by the gas extraction industry


Fraccidents

Pavillion, Wyoming: EPA finds carcinogenic compounds used by natural gas extraction in aquifer. (ProPublica, 11/10/11.)

Federal Agency, ATSDR, finds elevated well water chemicals in Bradford County (Leroy Township.) At least one water well impacted by NGE&P activities. According to the report, even though a suspect gas blow-out occurred on April 19, 2011, “Chesapeake was unable to control the well until April 25, 2011.” (Although Chesapeake claimed to have built an effective containment and diversion system by April 21st.)

EPA demands answers from Chesapeake concerning April 19, 2011 blowout in Bradford County, PA.

National Response Center
(Report oil and gas spills to the U.S. Coast Guard)

Earth Justice Fraccident Map


Regulatory Agencies:Are They Working?


Report NY State & Local Government Fraud to the NYS Comptroller.

Much of the foundational information for the SGEIS derives from this report prepared for gas lobbyist, IOGA, in response to a special request for data from NY’s Department of Environmental Conservation.

Keystone XL Pipeline: US State Department emails seems to show pro-pipeline bias.

Drilling Around the Law. Companies that drill for oil and natural gas are skirting federal law and injuecting toxic petroleum distillates into thousands of wells and threatening drinking water supplies from Pennsylvania to Wyoming. (Environmental Working Group, January 2010)

Texas (2008)

Barnett Shale Emissions
(Armendariz, 2009)

PA’s Secretary of Health : “… more routine testing is needed of air, water and solid waste samples to check for risks, as well as additional outreach to health-care providers in drilling areas.”

DCS, Riverkeeper, et al challenge safety, legality of Delaware River Basin’s exploratory wells
(12-6-10

Toxicologist-M.D. Challenges Safety of Delaware River Basin Commission’s Exploratory Wells (Teitelbaum, 2010)

New York State Attorney General files complaint against National Park Service, The US Interior Department, Fish & Wildlife, EPA, etc

Former Oil and Gas Producer Tells NYS to “scrap proposed DEC regulations…wait for the EPA to issue its new guidelines on horizontal hydrofracking of shale gas wells.” (James Northrup, 2010)

Conference of NYS Environmental Health Directors: NY’s Draft Supplemental Generic Environmental Impact Statement Inadequately Addresses Public Health & Water (2009)

NYS Department of Health Addresses Concerns in NYS DEC’s dSGEIS (2009)

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Comments re: New York State DEC’s dSGEIS (2009)

Regulations Are Lax; Gas Drilling Dangers Greater Than Previously Understood (NY Times, 2011)

Tens of Millions of Gallons of Diesel Fuel Used to Frack NG Wells. EPA Loophole? (2011)

Drillers Injecting Diesel Fuel. EPA Loophole?(2011) (#2)

Drilling Around the Law. Companies that drill for oil and natural gas are skirting federal law and injuecting toxic petroleum distillates into thousands of wells and threatening drinking water supplies from Pennsylvania to Wyoming. (Environmental Working Group, January 2010)

(Federal) Lawmakers Hinchey and Holt to Delaware River Basin Commission: No Diesel Fuel in the Basin!

(Federal) Lawmakers Send Evidence of Illegal Diesel Fracking to Environmental Protection Agency (2011)


Industry Documents


(In Their Own Words)”Oil Executive: Military-style ‘Psy-Ops’ Experience Applied.” CNBC’s coverage of Sharon Wilson’s (Blue Daze Drilling Reform and Gulf Region Organizer for OGAP) report from the industry conference in Houston.

Much of the foundational information for the SGEIS derives from this report prepared for gas lobbyist, IOGA, in response to a special request for data from NY’s Department of Environmental Conservation.

Keystone XL Pipeline: US State Department emails seems to show pro-pipeline bias.

Aubrey McClendon, CEO of Chesapeake, addresses the Marcellus Shale Insights Conference in Philadelphia, PA. A must-read. (September 7, 2011)

Natural Gas Dehydration (2007) (Discussion of emission reduction as presented by ConocoPhillips, The Colorado Oil and Gas Association and The Independent Petroleum Association of Mountain States to the EPA’s Natural Gas STAR Program. The emission numbers cited are “in their own words!”

Startup Cracks Propane Fracture Puzzle. Provides ‘Green’ Solution
(Nickle’s New Technology Magazine, 2008. Industry promotes propane-based fracturing system.)

Chesapeake’s CEO and Penn State’s Robert Watson (Links to CEO McClendon’s open letter to Chesapeake shareholders)


BrochuresAmerican Academy of Pediatrics


Films/Videos/Powerpoints
Hydraulic Fracturing: Lessons from Wyoming (You Tube VIDEO: Biologist Sandra Steingraber.)

Hydraulic Fracturing & Water Quality (You Tube VIDEO: Biologist Sandra Steingraber.)

Hydraulic Fracturing 101 (YouTube VIDEO: Biologist Sandra Steingraber provides an introduction to hydraulic fracturing.)

Public Health Implications of Hydraulic Fracturing with important information about Health Impact Assessments. (Dr. Larysa Dyrszka. Presented at SUNY Upstate Medical University, 4/13/11.)

Dr. Theo Colborn’s:
What You Need To Know About Natural Gas Production

Home Farm Video:
Health Effects on Cats, Cows, People

Anthony Ingraffea :
Several Videos About the Geology of Fracking

Shale Gas in New York: Guide for Informed Citizenry (Ingraffea, 2010)